While braces are quite common these days in children, teens and adults, many people don't really understands the ins and outs of how they work.
Our team here at Austin Heights Orthodontics knows that patients who are informed are more likely to get through their treatment without any problems or setbacks.
So today, we’d like to share with you the basics of how braces actually work, so that you can better understand what’s going on during your treatment.
What do braces do?
Braces are made of a various parts that, as a whole, straighten your teeth by applying continuous, gentle pressure over an extended period of time to slowly move them into the desired positions. As your teeth shift, the bone also changes shape as a result of the pressure applied.
Braces are made up of multiple parts, all of which serve specific purposes. The following list describes the basic parts that make up most sets of braces.
Brackets - These are the small squares that are bonded to each tooth. Brackets can come in a several different materials, and can be placed either on the fronts or the backs of your teeth. The function of the brackets is to hold the arch wires, which move the teeth, in place.
Orthodontic Bands - Orthodontic Bands are made of stainless steel, and act as anchors for the brackets.
Arch Wires - These wires are attached to the brackets and create the pressure that moves the teeth into their new positions. Arch wires can be made of clear, tooth-coloured, or metal materials.
Elastic Ties - The small rubber rings that fasten the arch wires to the brackets are called elastic ties. They come in a wide range of colours.
Elastics or Rubber Bands - These attach to hooks on the brackets and apply pressure to move the upper and lower teeth into the correct positions in relation to each other.